In keeping with the moral and ethical issue of people handling carnivores, this website supports organisations, such as the Endangered Wildlife Trust, in this regard.
We will give you the necessary information to make up your own mind, and if need, visit the Lion and Safari Park, Johannesburg, but we won’t promote the human interaction with carnivores in any way.
DO YOU WANT TO SEE A CAPTIVE AFRICAN LION?
I’m probably not the right person to critique a zoo-like collection of African wildlife, as I do feel that such beautiful and majestic creatures should be seen in their natural environment, and not behind high fences.
Having said that, lions do spend up to 20 hours a day sleeping, and the probability, if you do see them in the wild, is that they’d be behaving in the much the same way as they’d be in captivity – inactive or sleeping!
LION AND SAFARI PARK OPENING TIMES :
Monday to Friday : 08h00-18h00 (8.00am-6.00pm)
Weekend and Public Holiday : 08h00-20h00 (8.00am-8.00pm)
LION AND SAFARI PARK ENTRY FEE :
There is no charge to enter, but pay for each activity
LION AND SAFARI PARK SELF DRIVE RATES :
Adult : R210.00
Senior 65+ : R110.00
Child under 12 years : Free
LION AND SAFARI PARK PREDATOR TOUR (1 hour duration)
Adult : R240.00
Senior 65+ : R120.00
Child under 12 years : Free
MINI SAFARI TOUR (1.5 hour duration)
06h00 (6.00am), 08h00 (8.00am), 11h00 (11.00am) and 14h00 (2.00pm)
Adult : R350.00
Senior 65+ : R175.00 (Special)
Child under 12 years : Free (Special)
SAFARI TOUR (3 hour duration)
Adult : R595.00
Senior 65+ : R300.00
Child under 12 years : Free
Giraffe Feed Per Bag (free entry) : R40.00
LION AND SAFARI PARK CONTACT :
Telephone : +27 (0)87 150-0100 / + 27 (0)76 187-3883 / +27 (0)82 382-4473
+27 (0)76 981-7704 / +27 (0)76 871-6853
LION AND SAFARI PARK ADDRESS :
The Lion and Safari Park, Johannesburg
R512 (13kms north-west of Lanseria Airport)
GPS Co-ordinates (hddd.ddddd):
UMKHONTO WE SIZWE – THE ARMED WING OF THE ANC
Although using violence against the State had been discussed years before, the African National Congress (ANC) had repeatedly attempted to bring about a peaceful end to apartheid.
This view was challenged in 1960 when 69 protesters were killed by the South African police in Sharpeville on 21st March, and a few days later on 30th March, 1960, when the State of Emergency was declared, and both the ANC and the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC) were banned .
These actions by the Government made it clear that they would not contemplate an end to apartheid – and certainly not by peaceful means!
Mandela had called for a countrywide general strike on 29th, 30th and 31st May 1961, that had been relatively unsuccessful, and it was due to this ‘failure’, that he was able to convince the ANC that violence, and not peaceful protest, was the only option.
He was authorised to form *uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK) – the armed wing of the ANC, in June 1961, and it came into being in November 1961. (* translates as ‘Spear of the Nation’)
THE SOUTH AFRICAN COMMUNIST PARTY
The South Afican Communist Party (SACP) had been banned in 1950, and subsequently operated underground in secret.
In 1961, with money evidently given by the former Soviet Union, Liliesleaf Farm in Rivonia, was bought by Arthur Goldreich and Harold Wolpe, as a safe refuge from Government persecution.
Nelson Mandela stayed in a number of ‘safe-houses’ prior to his move to Liliesleaf Farm in October 1961, as the incognito caretaker.
He lived in the outbuildings behind the farmhouse, whilst builders and painters renovated the main house and extended the outbuildings around him.
He used the alias of a former client – David Motsamayi, as an undercover name.
Mandela had gone underground after the failed strike, and lived in the relative safety of Liliesleaf Farm.
Shortly after this, Arthur Goldreich, who was a white SACP member, and unknown to the security police at the time, moved into the farm with his family.
He acted as a front for the clandestine meetings that would take place between the ANC and members of the Congress Alliance, which was a coalition of anti-apartheid organisations led by the ANC.
Mandela left South Africa illegally in January 1962, looking for support from foreign governments to implement the ANC’s plans, as well as getting military training in Morocco and Ethiopia.
It was whilst driving back to Johannesburg from Durban, where Mandela had been reporting back on his recent trip into Africa, that he was arrested by South African security forces, acting on a tip-off, near Howick, Natal on August 5th, 1962.
He went on trial at the Old Synagogue in Pretoria on 15th October, 1962 – charged, and found guilty, of leaving the country without a passport and inciting workers to strike.
He was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment on 7th November 1962.
ENTIRE HIGH COMMAND OF UMKHONTO WE SIZWE ARRESTED
Police had started closing in on the leaders of the banned ANC, and a number of activists – who knew of the existence of the secret hideaway, had been arrested.
With a new safe house being difficult to find, it was decided to hold a final meeting at Lil’s Place (the name used by those involved!) on Thursday 11th July 1963.
On the same afternoon, a number of policemen and their dogs hidden in a laundry delivery van with “Trade Steam Pressers” branding, raided Liliesleaf Farm.
They surrounded the buildings and arrested Rusty Bernstein, Denis Goldberg, Arthur Goldreich, Bob Hepple, Ahmed Kathrada, Govan Mbeki, Raymond Mhlaba and the ANC leader of the time, Walter Sisulu.
Countless documents and papers, including the ‘Plan of Action for Operation Mayibuye’ – the MK plan for guerrilla warfare in South Africa, were confiscated, and would form the bulk of the prosecution’s case at the upcoming Rivonia trial.
In his book, “Long Walk to Freedom”, Mandela says: “In one fell swoop, the police had captured the entire high command of Umkhonto we Sizwe.”
A number of other arrests followed.
MANDELA CHARGED WITH SABOTAGE AND CONSPIRACY
With Mandela being in jail, there was no way of linking him to the arrests at Liliesleaf Farm.
Shortly after being incarcerated, he asked his lawyers to pass on a message that his diary and documents that he had left behind, be disposed of.
He later received word that his instructions had been carried out.
Arthur Goldreich and Harold Wolpe escaped from Marshall Square in Johannesburg after bribing a prison guard, and fled the country.
Charges against Bob Hepple were withdrawn after he agreed to turn State witness, but, with his wife, fled the country on his release.
Nelson Mandela was transfered from Robben Island to Pretoria Local police station, without knowing about the raid on Liliesleaf Farm.
Police had found his incriminating diary and documents hidden in a coal bunker outside the kitchen of the farm house, and accordingly charged him with the other defendants.
On the 9th October 1963, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Denis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Lionel “Rusty” Bernstein, Raymond Mhlaba, James Kantor, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni were all charged with ‘sabotage and consiracy’, which, if found guilty, carried the supreme penalty of death by hanging!
EIGHT SENTENCED TO LIFE IMPRISONMENT
Sentence was passed on Friday 12th June, 1964, and eight of the accused, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, Denis Goldberg, Govan Mbeki, Ahmed Kathrada, Raymond Mhlaba, Elias Motsoaledi and Andrew Mlangeni were all sentenced to life imprisonment.
Lionel “Rusty” Bernstein, despite helping to draft the MK constitution, and James Kantor were both acquitted.
“Rusty” Bernstein in October and James Kantor in December, 1963.
The seven black prisoners, Mandela, Sisulu, Mbeki, Kathrada, Mhlaba, Motsoaledi and Mlangeni and were imprisoned on Robben Island, and Goldberg, who was the only white, was imprisoned in Pretoria Central Prison.
The men served between 22 and 27 years in prison, with Mandela being the last prisoner to be released on 11th February, 1990.
WEAPONS SMUGGLED ON ‘AFRICA HINTERLAND’ TRUCK
An interesting display that is not directly linked to the raid, is an old Bedford truck that belonged to Africa Hinterland Safaris.
The company, which operated between 1986 and 1993 as an overland safari company, was a front for smuggling arms into South Africa for the ANC’s armed wing, uMkhonto we Sizwe.
Each time a truck crossed the border into South Africa, it carried with it a ton of weapons covertly hidden in special compartments under the passengers’ seats.
In 1990, operations moved to South Africa, and shorter trips were offered to Botswana and Zimbabwe, which meant a faster turnover, and therefore more weapons delivered!
Not only did Africa Hinterland dupe customs and the security forces, but they also deceived their fare paying passengers.
In keeping with the intrigue of Liliesleaf Farm, it is believed that 40 tons of AK47’s, limpet mines, grenades, pistols, explosives and ammunition were smuggled into the country using this cloak-and-dagger method!
CEDRIC’S CAFÉ – ACCESSIBLE WITHOUT PAYING AN ENTRANCE FEE!
Liliesleaf has a restaurant that serves some very good light meals and is licensed to sell beer and wine.
It’s the Cedric Café, and is named afetr a code name that some people used for Liliesleaf Farm.
It’s open during the same times that Liliesleaf is open, and you can access it without paying an entrance fee to the museum.
Page originally created : 21st October 2013.